Agricultural sector has faced some obstacles and problems in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRG), therefore, a huge number of rural residents have migrated to urban areas because of lack of work opportunities, agricultural technologies, and product marketing problems. This research was conducted in the KRG to find out the importance of current problems related to potatoes production and marketing process in the KRG according to priority; the research population included all potato farmers who were (790 farmers), and the research sample was taken by stratified random sampling comprised (257 farmers) in seven districts, after excluding (22 farmers) for the pre-test. The data were collected using questionnaires, the questionnaire was sectioned into two main parts, the first part was to study the farmers’ socio-demographic profile, and the second part was designed to find out the importance of current problems related to the process of potatoes production and marketing, and the farmers were interviewed face-to-face, afterward, the collected data were analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 25). The result shows that most of the farmers suffered from these five significant issues (Absence of state support for exporting potatoes, High price of fertilizer, importing potatoes from abroad, High price of seeds, and High price of pesticides), It implies that the problems were related to the government. Accordingly, governments must play a crucial role in supporting farmers and ensuring the availability of affordable agricultural inputs to assist farmers.